Principle Fork Lifts Ltd

6 Points to Fuelling Efficiency

A Comprehensive Comparison Between Gas Forklifts (LPG) and Other Forklift Types

In the fast-paced industry of material handling, selecting the optimal forklift can significantly impact a business’s efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and environmental footprint. One pivotal decision revolves around the choice of power source for forklifts, with Gas / LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) emerging as a strong contender. This article delves into the intricacies of LPG forklifts and compares them with their electric and diesel forklift counterparts.

1. Gas Forklifts: The Efficient Workhorses

  • Power and Efficiency: LPG forklifts are renowned for their robust power and efficiency. They offer a balanced combination of the high power output seen in diesel forklifts and the clean, emission-conscious operation of electric forklifts.
  • Emissions: LPG combustion produces fewer emissions compared to diesel, positioning it as a greener alternative. This makes gas forklifts suitable for environments where emissions need to be minimised.

2. Electric Forklifts: The Whispering Giants

  • Silent Operation: Electric forklifts are recognised for their quiet operation, making them ideal for indoor applications. They contribute to a noise-free working environment, crucial for settings where noise pollution must be minimised.
  • Zero Emissions: With zero emissions at the point of use, electric forklifts are environmentally friendly. This makes them suitable for industries with stringent environmental regulations or indoor spaces where emissions are a concern.
Linde Gas Forklift Truck H20T

3. Diesel Forklifts: The Powerhouses of the Yard

  • Power and Capacity: Diesel forklifts excel in heavy-duty applications, delivering high torque and lifting capacities. They are often the preferred choice for continuous outdoor operations and demanding tasks.
  • Emissions and Fuel Costs: While powerful, diesel forklifts emit higher levels of pollutants and generally have higher fuel costs compared to LPG models. This needs to be considered in light of environmental and cost concerns.

4. Fuel Efficiency and Operating Costs

  • Fuel Efficiency: LPG forklifts stand out for their fuel efficiency, offering a middle ground between electric and diesel models. Their adaptability to a range of applications, combined with relatively lower fuel costs, contributes to long-term cost-effectiveness.
  • Flexibility of LPG Refuelling: Gas forklifts benefit from the flexibility of refuelling, allowing for quick turnaround times. This adaptability is advantageous in scenarios where continuous operation is essential.

5. Environmental Impact

  • Emission Levels: Gas forklifts, while not emission-free like electric models, emit fewer pollutants than diesel counterparts. This positions them as a more environmentally responsible choice, contributing to sustainability goals.
  • Carbon Footprint: Electric forklifts maintain an edge in terms of having the smallest carbon footprint due to zero emissions. However, LPG forklifts strike a balance between performance and environmental considerations.

6. Adaptability to Different Environments

  • Versatility: Gas forklifts demonstrate versatility by seamlessly transitioning between indoor and outdoor applications. This adaptability makes them a practical choice for warehouses and distribution centres with diverse operational needs.
  • Ventilation Considerations: While adaptable indoors, proper ventilation is crucial when using LPG forklifts indoors. This is a factor to consider based on the specific requirements of the working environment.
Linde Gas Counter Balance Forklift Truck


In the intricate landscape of material handling, the choice of forklift power source involves careful consideration of various factors. LPG forklifts emerge as a versatile and environmentally conscious choice, offering a compelling middle ground between electric and diesel options. As businesses navigate the material handling terrain, the decision to embrace LPG power may prove pivotal in fuelling efficiency across various operational aspects.

What are the hazards, dangers or disadvantages of using a gas forklift?

Gas-powered forklifts, whether using LPG or compressed natural gas (CNG), come with hazards, dangers, and disadvantages that should be considered for safe operation. Here are some key points to be aware of:

  1. Combustible and Flammable Fuel:
    • Fire Hazard: Both LPG and CNG are highly flammable. There is a risk of fire in the event of a fuel leak or mishandling. Adequate training and strict adherence to safety procedures for fuelling, handling, and storage are crucial to mitigate this risk.
  2. Exhaust Emissions:
    • Carbon Monoxide Exposure: Gas forklifts produce carbon monoxide (CO) and other emissions during operation. Prolonged exposure to these emissions, especially in enclosed or poorly ventilated spaces, can lead to health risks. Proper ventilation and regular maintenance are essential to reduce emissions.
  3. Maintenance and Fueling Procedures:
    • Handling and Storage: The handling and storage of gas cylinders require specific procedures to prevent accidents. Improper handling during fueling or changing cylinders can result in leaks and potential hazards.
  4. Noise Levels:
    • Noise Pollution: Gas forklifts can generate significant noise levels during operation. Prolonged exposure to high noise levels can pose a risk of hearing damage to operators and others in the vicinity. The use of hearing protection may be necessary in some cases.
  5. Fueling Infrastructure:
    • Infrastructure Requirements: Gas forklifts require specific fueling infrastructure, such as LPG refueling stations or CNG compressors. The need for this infrastructure can be a disadvantage, especially for businesses without access to these facilities.
  6. Initial Costs:
    • Higher Initial Investment: Gas-powered forklifts typically have a higher upfront cost compared to their electric counterparts. The initial investment includes the cost of the forklift itself as well as any required fueling infrastructure.
  7. Fuel Costs:
    • Fuel Expenses: While gas fuels are generally less expensive than electricity, the ongoing fuel costs for gas forklifts can be higher than electric models. Fuel prices and consumption rates should be considered when evaluating overall operating expenses.
  8. Environmental Impact:
    • Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Although gas forklifts produce fewer emissions than some other types, they still contribute to air pollution. For businesses with strong environmental commitments, this may be a disadvantage compared to electric forklifts.
  9. Limited Indoor Use:
    • Ventilation Requirements: While gas forklifts can be used indoors, proper ventilation is crucial due to the emission of combustion by-products. Ensuring adequate ventilation in enclosed spaces may pose challenges in certain warehouse environments.
  10. Operator Training:
    • Specialised Training: Operating a gas forklift requires specialised training to handle fuelling procedures, cylinder changes, and other specific safety considerations. Proper operator training is essential to mitigate the risks associated with gas forklifts.

It’s important for businesses to assess these hazards and disadvantages carefully and implement safety measures, training programs, and regular maintenance to ensure the safe and efficient operation of gas-powered forklifts.